The National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) had its origin as Central Malaria Bureau established at Kasauli (Himachal Pradesh) in 1909, which after expansion was renamed in 1927 as the Malaria Survey of India. The organization was shifted to Delhi in 1938 and called the Malaria Institute of India (MII). On July 30, 1963 the erstwhile MII was renamed as National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) to shoulder additional responsibilities. Then on completion of 100 years on July 30, 2009 NICD was renamed as National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) to meet the revised additional mandate. The institute is established to function as a National centre of excellence for disease prevention and control.
The mandate of the Institute broadly covers three areas viz. Services, Trained Healthcare Manpower Development and Research in communicable diseases, their prevention and control using a multi-disciplinary integrated approach. The institute is expected to provide expertise to the States and Union territories (UTs) on rapid health assessment and laboratory based diagnostic services. Surveillance of communicable diseases and outbreak investigations also formed a part of its activities. The institute is also entrusted with the task of developing reliable and cost-effective rapid diagnostic tools which could be effectively applied in field for control of communicable diseases.
The Institute is under administrative control of the Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India. The Director, an officer of the Public Health sub- cadre of Central Health Services, is the administrative and technical head of the Institute. The Institute has its headquarters in Delhi and has 8 branches located at Alwar (Rajasthan), Bengaluru (Karnataka), Kozhikode (Kerala), Coonoor (Tamil Nadu), Jagdalpur (Chhattisgarh), Patna (Bihar), Rajahmundry (Andhra Pradesh) and Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh).
There are following Technical Divisions at the Headquarters of the institute:
· Centre for HIV/AIDS & Related Diseases,
· Division of Microbiology,
· Department of Epidemiology,
· Department of Parasitic Diseases,
· Division of Zoonosis,
· Centre for Medical Entomology & Vector Management,
· Division of Malariology & Coordination,
· Division of Biochemistry & Toxicology,
· Centre for Non - Communicable Diseases
· Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme and
· Statistical Monitoring and Evaluation Cell.