Government of India National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) Department of Health & Family Welfare
National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) - Government of India

National Rabies Control Programme

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National Rabies Control Programme (Zoonosis Division)

 

Introduction: Rabies is endemic throughout the country with the exception of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep Islands. Dog rabies is major public health problem accounting for about 96% of the mortality and morbidity. Estimates suggest that annual human rabies death incidence to be around 20,000 and the annual incidence of animal bites to be 1.7% (17.5 million per year). Control of rabies involves two components viz. elimination of human deaths and control of canine rabies to break down the transmission.

 

Human Component- which is being implemented in all the states & UTs. National Centre for the Diseases control is the nodal agency for the Human Component of the program. The strategy for the human component are:

  • Training of health professionals
  • Implementing use of intra-dermal route of inoculation of cell culture vaccines
  • Strengthening surveillance of human rabies
  • Information Education & Communication
  • Laboratory strengthening

 

Animal Component- which is being pilot tested in the Haryana & Chennai. The Animal Welfare Board of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests is the Nodal agency for the Animal Component of the program. The strategy for the animal component are:

  • Population survey of dogs
  • Mass vaccination of dogs
  • Dog population management
  • Strengthening surveillance