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Major Achievements

1909Foundation of Central Malaria Bureau at Kasauli (Himanchal Pradesh)
1910 1st Malariology training organised at Amritsar
1924 Kala-azar commission established
1929-1938 3 research journals launched:
• Records Malaria Survey of India.
• Journal of Malaria Institute of India
• Indian Journal of Malariology
1933 First Anopheline fauna of India documented
1934 First Culcine fauna of India documented
1939-1945 Malaria in cantonments controlled by various environmental and antilarval methods of control
1940 Training in Malariology as a sub-speciality of epidemiology organized – 3 months duration.
1942 South India branch of Malaria Institute of India established in Coonoor.
1942 Key to the identification of anophelines (adult & larval) developed
1944 J.S.B. Stain developed for quick staining of blood slides to detect malaria parasite.
1944 Indian Health Gazette first published.
1945 32 new species of Simulid flies described
1947 Successfully carried out control of water and vector borne diseases during migration of refugees from Pakistan to India at different places
1949 Development of a mounting media (Bhatia media) for the larvae of mosquitoes
1953 Preparation of identification keys for larvae and adults of Indian Anophelines
1955 National filarial control programme launched
1955 Bulletin Indian Society for Malaria & other Communicable Diseases launched.
1955 NICD branch at Ernakulum established for training & research in filariasis and other communicable diseases (shifted to Kozhikode in 1962)
1955 A field station of this Centre, B Malayi Research unit is functioning at Cherthala, Alappuzha District, Kerela.
1957 Malaria Control in all coal fields in the country
1958 Training in Malariology (6 weeks) organised to meet requirement of all countries of SEA region.
1958 3 months advance course in Medical Entomology organized in response to appearance of KFD, persistent plague foci and leishmaniasis.
1960 Advance course in Medical Entomology organised (3 months).
1961 Preparation of region wise identification key for Indian anophelines
1962 Malaria advisory Committee during 1962 China war, for peace keeping force returning from Congo, were advised by the institute to be deployed at western border due to the absence of simulid flies (vectors of onchocerchaisis)
1963 MII was renamed as NICD
1963 Mapping of Plague foci in India carried out
1963 First dengue fever outbreak in Calcutta, India investigation. Followed by extensive vector survey in the country.
1963 Establishment of Filed station at Kolar, Mysore state to investigate the epidemiology and control of epidemic plague
1963 Establishment of Regional Filaria Training and Research Centre at Rajahmundary 1964 Aedes distribution in India studied by ICMR sponsored project.
1964 Kala-azar – Almost eliminated but lack of consolidation resulted in resurgence (due to DDT Spray) as collateral benefit
1964 National Course in Epidemiology 1964 (9 months)
1965 National Course in Epidemiology 1965 (12 months)
1965 Expert advice provided to Armed Forces for control of Scrub typhus in Jammu area during 1965 Indo-Pak war
1965 Establishment of Regional Filaria Training and Research Centre at Varanasi
1965 Establishment of Unit for testing of Small Pox freeze dried vaccine manufactured in the country and imported from abroad under National Small Pox Eradication Programme
1968 First record of Aedes aegypti distribution in India based on museum collection.
1968 Polio Vaccine testing unit started functioning as Division at NICD
1969 IHR – Yellow fever control at Seaports & Airports – Health Bull. 20 (1938), Cross checking by NICD
1970 Central survey team was formed under filariology division in June 1970 to determine the transmission of filariasis in non-endemic areas of the country.
1972 Establishment of unit for testing and quality control of freeze dried BCG vaccine
1972 A new culture medium –“NICD medium ” developed to diagnose and acute case of cholera within 6 hours
1973 Journal of Communicable Diseases launched
1973 Cutaneous leishmaniasis zoonotic focus discovered in Rajasthan
1973 Field Practice Unit established at Alwar to carry out studies on various communicable diseases
1973 Detection of existence of zoonotic focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the vicinity of Rajsthan Canal Area
1973 For first time detection of the zoonotic reservoir of Cutaeneous leishmaniasis in Rajasthan
1973 First time detection the resistance against Malathion in An. culicifacies, vector of malaria
1973 First time detection of the resistance against DDT An. Culicifacies, vector of malaria
1973 Discovered zoonotic focus of human malaria in Greater Nicobar
1974 Nonfilarial elephantiasis in Rajasthan discovered
1974 NICD declared as Central Water laboratory under Prevention and Control of Pollution Act (GOI)
1975 Establishment of Plague Surveillance Unit (PSU) at Bangalore to develop expertise in detection and control of plague in man and rodents.
1975 NICD faculty played a leading role on the “Small Pox Zero” target in the country
1975 NICD notified as a national laboratory for insecticide testing by Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation
1976 Establishment of Kala-azar unit at Patna
1977 Small-pox eradication from the country
1978 Insecticide cell established in Delhi (subsequently closed in 1984)
1978 Establishment of In-vitro cultivation of Plasmodium falciparum
1980 Division of Filariology redesignated as Division of Helminthology
1980 Task force on Guinea Worm Eradication was constituted and 1st meeting was held in November, 1980 at NICD,Delhi
1983 Guineaworm eradication programme launched
1984 Key to the identification of sandflies developed
1985 Communicable Diseases Buletin was started with the purpose of widespread dissemination of information on epidemic prone diseases
1985 Cell for monitoring of epidemic prone diseases was established in April, 1985 at NICD, Delhi
1985 Recognized as WHO Collaborating Centre for Rabies epidemiology for South East Asia Region
1985 Establishment of National Reference Centre for AIDS/HIV at NICD
1986 NICD amongst the first to start Laboratory based training of HIV/AIDS in India.
1988 Malaria Research Field Station, Jagdalpur (Madhya Pradesh) was taken over by NICD from ICMR
1989 Initiation of 9 month field epidemiology training programme under USAID support
1990 Preparation of pictorial key to the species of Indian Anophelines
1991 Polio laboratory recognized as Regional Reference laboratory for Polio for South East Asia Region
1992 Division of Biochemistry identified as National Reference Laboratory for monitoring of Iodine Deficiency Disorders
1992 WHO-GOI taskforce on malaria control
1993 Plague outbreak was predicted after the 1993 earthquake in Maharashtra.

1994 First time detected the mosquito larvicidal properties of indigenous plant, Yucca aloifolia
1995 Establishment of the state-of -the –art BSL-2 Plague laboratory
1995 Establishment of Division of AIDS incorporating the reference centre for AIDS
1995 Recognized as WHO Collaborating Centre for Field Epidemiology Training Programme (FETP) for South –East Asia Region
1995 Contributed to the Technical Advisory Committee on plague
1996 Establishment of the state-of-the –art Biotechnology laboratory with full fledged facilities for molecular biology based diagnosis
2000 Certification of Guinea Worm Eradication by WHO
2001-2004 Participation in the nation wide multicentric study on Refinement of H2S-Strip Test for Safe Drinking Water Supply in Rural Areas, sponsored by the Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission (Govt. of India) and the UNICEF, New Delhi
2002 Molecular diagnosis based on DNA fingerprinting developed for 25 important pathogens of public health importance
2002 & 2004 Confirmation and containment of Plague outbreak in Himachal Pradesh & Uttranchal in shortest possible time.
2004 First time detected the mosquito larvicidal properties of indigenous plant, Carica papaya
2004 Over 200 gene sequences of Indian strains of important human pathogens unveiled by NICD, accepted by Global Genome Bank of NCBI, NIH, USA, submitted to gene bank
2004 First time detected the mosquito larvicidal properties of indigenous plant, Ipomoea cairica
2004 Establishment of Tissue Culture facility for isolation of Arboviruses (Dengue, JE, CHIKV)
2004 Integrated Disease Surveillance Project launched
2004 Microbiology Division of NICD identified as Nodal division/ laboratory for national Avian Influenza/ H1N1 Influenza control efforts.
2004-2005 Microbiological evaluation of Solar Disinfection (SODIS) method of drinking water purification
2005 MoU signed between NICD and GGSIP University, Delhi for PhD courses. NICD recognized as advanced research centre in the School of Medicine & Paramedical Health Services by GGSIP University
2005 First inventory of Museum specimen published
2005 Division of Helminthlogy redesignated as Department of Parasitic Diseases under Centre for Epidemiology & Parasitic Diseases (CEPD)
2005 NICD selected as nodal agency for implementation IHR in the country
2006 International patent granted on a potential mosquito bio-control agent
2006 India formally declared elimination of Yaws on 19th September 2006
2006 First inventory of entomological specimens housed in NICD museum published
2006 Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) started
2006 First time detected JE virus in Culex vishnui mosquitoes from Karnal (Haryana)
2006 International patent granted to a potential bio-control agent, Chilodonella uncinata, for mosquito larval control
2006 Masters in Public Health (Field Epidemiology) 2 year course started at NICD.
2007 First time detected JE virus in Culex vishnui mosquitoes from Saharanpur(UP), and Karnal (Haryana)
2007 Participation of Central Plague Laboratory in EQAS programme for Plague with national Institute of Communicable Diseases, South Africa.
2007 National patent filed on the invention of desert cooler which prevents the breeding of Aedes aegypti, vector of Dengue and Chikungunya inside the cooler.
2007 Proposal for up-gradation of NICD to NCDC was approved.
2007 Invention of NICD Desert Cooler to prevent breeding of dengue vector
2008 First time detected Dengue virus in Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes from Delhi
2008 First time detected JE virus in Culex vishnui mosquitoes from Bhagpat (UP).
2008 Pilot Projects of “Control of Leptospirosis” and “Prevention and Control of Human Rabies” are being carried out as “New Initiatives” under XI Five Year Plan.
2008 First time identified the soil factors supporting the breeding of Leishmaniasis transmitting sand flies in India.
2008 Member of National Consortium of Laboratories, testing quality of diagnostic kits for HIV.
2008 Establishment of BSL-3 lab
2009 NICD transforms into National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) with a larger mandate of controlling emerging and re-emerging diseases.
2009 Sero-survey organized in endemic states in under-five children to demonstrate whether or not yaws is still transmitting.
2010 Up gradation of NCDC: Approval of cabinet for the EFC
2010 NCDC Desert Cooler: Signing of MoU with National Research Development Corporation
2010 Establishment of Global Disease Detection (GDD) Regional Centre at NCDC
2010 NCDC identified as coordinating institution for implementing Antimicrobial resistance policy in the country

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